What Materials Do We Cut with Waterjet Technology?

Waterjet cutting is yet another, extremely effective method for producing precise cuts in a wide range of materials. It helps you avoid heat distortion and damage while ensuring a smooth, seamless, and clean-cut, all due to the absence of heat. 

While many tend to associate waterjets with metals and alloys, waterjet cutting machines can be used on an array of materials. What we have below is a list of materials you can cut with waterjet technology. 

If you have an upcoming project that will involve any of the following, consider using waterjet technology in your application. 

Composites 

A waterjet technology can cut a variety of materials in combination, specially reinforced plastics. Waterjet systems are powerful enough to cut and slice through carbon fiber-reinforced plastics. This explains the reason why they are ideal for the fabrication of race cars and the material cutting method of choice in the production of aerospace components. 

It takes away from the picture tool clogging and wear, and eliminates the need for change tooling. With a waterjet system, you don’t need to worry about melting and hazardous fumes. They are now a thing of the past.

Steel

food processing

Cutting and slicing through steel is among the most popular and most sought-after applications for waterjet technology. 

Waterjet machines can cut all types of steel. It delivers no less than a smooth edge without any burn marks. There is no excess burr and no cracking, which is one of the most complained about issues with traditional heat-based systems of cutting. 

The heat-based method of cutting runs the risk of weakening the steel’s structural integrity, this makes waterjet cutting a better option. It is an excellent choice for fabricating food processing and handling parts. 

Working minds behind the aerospace industry favor the use of waterjet method of cutting due to the lack of a heat-affected zone or HAZ. You can even handle hardened tool steel with a waterjet cutter. 

Other Metals 

A waterjet system can be used also in cutting metals other than steel. If there is one that is most commonly cut with a waterjet method, that is no other than aluminum itself. 

Working with alloys often proves to be very challenging, due to heat and possible distortion of the subject material. However, waterjets can provide all the difference we are looking for when cutting alloy materials. 

Waterjet is also considered as the cutting method of choice if you will work on materials that require a high level of precision such as titanium, which minimizes wastage of the material in question. Minimal production of waste is important if you are handling expensive metals like titanium.  

When it comes to reflective metals like copper, the waterjet system is also a good material cutting option to use because it takes the reflectivity issues out of the picture. This is in complete contrast when you use the laser cutting technique

laser technique

Other Tools 

Aside from composites and metals, almost any material can be cut with a waterjet machine. A waterjet can cut stone and concrete, making it suitable for granite countertops, architectural features, and marble flooring. 

You can also cut ceramics using a water jet system, provided that their Moh’s scale hardness is less than 8.5. Softer materials, such as rubber and wood, can also be cut with a waterjet cutter but the use of abrasive particles is not at all necessary here.